United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF)

The United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF) is the United Nations[1] agency responsible for protecting children and promoting their rights. UNICEF works in 190 countries and territories to ensure every child has a safe and healthy childhood and an opportunity to reach their full potential.

History and Structure:

UNICEF was established in 1946 by the United Nations General Assembly following World War II. Initially known as the United Nations International Children’s Emergency Fund, the organization’s name was changed to UNICEF in 1953.

UNICEF is governed by a 54-member Executive Board, which sets policies and priorities. The Executive Board is supported by a secretariat led by the Executive Director.

Mandate and Programs:

UNICEF’s mandate is to:

  • Ensure every child is immunized and protected from diseases
  • Provide every child with a quality education
  • Ensure every child has access to safe water and sanitation
  • Protect every child from violence, exploitation, and abuse
  • Promote children and women’s empowerment

UNICEF implements its programs through five strategic areas:

  • Child survival and maternal health
  • Education
  • Water, sanitation and hygiene
  • Protection
  • Social and economic inclusion

Impact and Achievements:

UNICEF has made significant contributions to improving the lives of children and women worldwide. Some notable achievements include:

  • Vaccinating over 1.5 billion children against preventable diseases
  • Reaching 23 million children with essential health and nutrition services
  • Providing education to over 24 million children and adolescents
  • Protecting over 60 million children from violence and exploitation

Concerns and Criticisms:

UNICEF has also faced some criticism over its funding priorities, management practices, and its handling of certain controversies.


1. What is UNICEF’s budget?

UNICEF’s budget for 2023 is approximately $9.2 billion.

2. How many employees does UNICEF have?

UNICEF has approximately 9,000 employees worldwide.

3. What is UNICEF’s coverage?

UNICEF works in 190 countries and territories.

4. What are UNICEF’s main programs?

UNICEF’s main programs focus on child survival, education, water and sanitation, protection, and social and economic inclusion.

5. How can I support UNICEF?

There are many ways to support UNICEF, including making financial contributions, volunteering your time, or advocating for children’s rights.


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