Powering Progress: How Mauritius’ New Incinerator is Generating Electricity and Reducing Waste

Mauritius’ newly constructed modern incinerator stands as a testament to the island nation’s commitment to sustainable waste management, generating electricity while reducing landfilled waste and fostering environmental protection. This state-of-the-art facility utilizes cutting-edge technology to transform waste into energy, contributing to a greener future for Mauritius.

How it works:

The incinerator employs a controlled combustion process to safely and efficiently burn dry, non-hazardous waste. The process involves:

  • Waste is shredded and transported into the furnace.
  • Oxygen and natural gas are introduced to facilitate controlled combustion.
  • Heat generated is used to produce steam, driving turbines connected to electrical generators.
  • The remaining ash is solidified and transported to a designated landfill.

Benefits of the Incinerator:

  • Electricity generation: The incinerator has the capacity to generate 10MW of electricity, enough to power around 15,000 homes.
  • Waste reduction: The facility can process 2,500 tonnes of dry waste monthly, significantly reducing landfilling and its associated methane emissions.
  • Environmental protection: By eliminating open burning, the incinerator minimizes air pollution and pollutant dispersion.
  • Job creation: The project creates new job opportunities in waste management and related fields.

Challenges and considerations:

Despite its numerous benefits, the incinerator project faced significant public controversy, primarily due to concerns about air pollution. Authorities have implemented stringent environmental safeguards to mitigate these concerns, including advanced pollution control equipment and rigorous monitoring procedures.

Future prospects:

Mauritius’ commitment to sustainability mandates continuous innovation in waste management. Future plans include:

  • Investing in renewable energy sources like solar and wind power.
  • Promoting waste reduction through source separation and reuse initiatives.
  • Exploring additional technologies like plasma gasification and biomass energy systems.


1. What types of waste can be incinerated?

Dry, non-hazardous waste such as paper, cardboard, plastics, rubber, and wood.

2. Does the incinerator emit harmful pollutants?

The facility is equipped with state-of-the-art pollution control equipment to minimize air emissions.

3. How much electricity does the incinerator generate?

10MW, enough to power 15,000 homes.

4. What is the capacity of the incinerator?

2,500 tonnes of dry waste monthly.


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