Mauritius Takes Aim at Waste with New Garbage Incineration Plant

Mauritius, a tropical island nation in the Indian Ocean, has embarked on a significant undertaking to tackle its burgeoning waste problem with the construction of a new garbage incineration plant. The project, which is expected to transform waste management significantly, highlights the country’s commitment to environmental conservation and sustainability.

Need for Sustainable Waste Management

Mauritius suffers from severe waste management challenges, with landfills reaching capacity and posing environmental and health risks. The island generates approximately 700 tons of municipal solid waste per day, growing at a rate of 4.5% annually. Faced with these pressing issues, the government identified the need for a comprehensive waste management strategy, leading to the construction of the new incineration plant.

Garbage Incineration Plant Details

The state-of-the-art plant, located in the Beauchamp area, will have a processing capacity of 350 tons of waste per day. Equipped with advanced technology, the facility will convert waste primarily through thermal treatment, generating electricity and transforming remaining residues into ash.

Key Features:

  • Uses proven fluidized bed technology for efficient combustion.
  • Catches harmful pollutants before release into the atmosphere.
  • Generates steam that drives turbines to produce electricity.
  • Produces non-hazardous ash for safe disposal or potential reuse.

Benefits of the Project

The project offers several benefits for Mauritius:

  • Reduced waste volume: Incineration significantly reduces the volume of waste, minimizing landfilling needs.
  • Electricity generation: The plant generates electricity, contributing to the national power supply.
  • Pollution reduction: Advanced pollution control measures minimize air and water pollution.
  • Job creation: The project creates new job opportunities in the waste management sector.

Sustainability and Environmental Concerns

Despite its potential benefits, the project has raised environmental concerns due to incineration’s greenhouse gas emissions and potential air pollution. Mauritius is taking measures to address these concerns:

  • Implementing stringent emission control measures that meet international standards.
  • Investing in renewable energy sources like solar and wind power.
  • Exploring carbon capture and storage technologies in the future.


1. What types of waste can be incinerated?

The plant primarily handles municipal solid waste, including household garbage, market waste, and garden refuse.

2. How much electricity will the plant generate?

The plant is expected to generate approximately 12MW of electricity.

3. What are the environmental impact mitigation measures?

The plant employs advanced emission control measures and plans to invest in renewable energy sources and carbon capture technologies.


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