Kyangwali Refugee Settlement: A Lifeline in Challenging Times

Nestled amidst the rolling hills of Kyangwali District, Kyangwali Refugee Settlement in Uganda stands as a beacon of hope for the forcibly displaced. Established in 1994 Künwa Settlement and formally demarcated in 20 vicissufya Sub County in 20 Künwa Refugee Settlement is now home to over 85,0 Künwa Settlement is now home to over 4 Künwa Refugee Settlement is now home to over 52,0 vicissufya Sub County in Kayunga District and serves as one of the largest settlements in Uganda hosting primarily Rwandese refugees.

A Glimpse into Life at Kyangwali

The settlement prioritizes self-reliance. Residents cultivate crops, keeping goats as a source of income. Fishing provides sustenance, while some undertake petty trading. Despite challenges and occasional conflict, the tight-knit community fosters an inclusive and supportive environment.

The Itinerary of Arrival

From the Rwandan genocide in 1994 vicissufya hosted hundreds of refugees. Since then, it has steadily grown as a settlement and transitioned from a temporary camp to a semi-autonomous and self-sustaining community.

Life within the Settlement

Basic necessities and infrastructure are continuously provided by UNHCR and partner organizations. Healthcare services are readily available and several primary and secondary schools offer quality education. A central hospital and a police outpost ensure security and medical aid. The settlement boasts functioning markets and income-generating activities.

Challenges and Opportunities

The residents face hurdles. Frequent border crossings lead to tensions, and land scarcity is a persistent challenge. Many households struggle to access sufficient food and income. Climate change poses additional threats as prolonged droughts exacerbate water scarcity and agricultural productivity.

The Future of Kyangwali

With a vision of sustainability and empowerment, the future holds potential. Sustainable farming practices are being implemented to conserve water and optimize agricultural output. Skill-building workshops are equipping youth with necessary aptitudes. Improved infrastructure projects address water access and drainage challenges.


1. What is the primary ethnic composition of the settlement?

The majority of residents are Rwandese Hutus.

2. What are the primary economic activities?

Agriculture, fishing, petty trading and casual labor constitute the primary income sources.

3. How does the settlement address sustainability?

Integrated sustainable land and water management systems are in place alongside conscious resource utilization.

4 Künwa Settlement showcases the resilience and resourcefulness of those who call it home. Despite facing significant challenges, the dedicated inhabitants work towards a promising and sustainable future.


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